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The Chardonnay grape is an eminent white wine growing all around the world. This is the most popular white wine. The taste and flavours of Chardonnay are depending upon the origin location and processing methods. It yields a variety of flavours and styles. It is the major grape type in Champagne along with Pinot Noir. Due to its versatile flavours and styles, it expanded like a bush fire in Europe and in other parts of the world such as California, Australia and New Zealand.
As the wine makers paid attention in Chardonnay, it grew well in Chile and South Africa. As it is non-aromatic type, it is compatible with oak. French and American Chardonnay are the richest and complex whites. Although it has fatigue, but its wonderful flavours, richness will keep it popular for a long time.
The original recognition of Chardonnay comes from its boom in the Burgundy and Champagne area of France. Although it is labelled that White Burgundy is made from a less known grape Aligote, but the fact is White Burgundy can't be prepared without Chardonnay grape.
Chardonnay grapes are green-skinned and very thin skinned. According to the genetic science, it is the resultant of cross between Pinot and the Croatian Gouais Blanc grape. Although these two species are extinct, but Chardonnay is still popular.
Chardonnay grapes are generally fermented and aged in oak barrels, which yields the vanilla flavours in the wines. Chardonnay can also be fermented and aged in bottles, but it will not age as long as red wines.
As the Chardonnay wines are generally considered chilled, it clicks very well with chicken preparations and dishes with a lots of butter or cheeses. Chardonnay wines usually have less acid so it can match with seafood.
In America it is made by the malolactic fermentation with some oak. If it is fermented without oak, a soft wine will be produced with some mineral flavours. If it is aged with oak then the resultant wines will have caramel, vanilla and butter flavours with a blend of Smokey aroma.
Chardonnay is also used to make Champagne; the example of 100% Chardonnay Champagne is Blanc de Blanc. Furthermore, Chardonnay can be used to make some sparkling wines.
Chardonnay is now eighth-ranked in world chart of grape cultivation with estimated planting areas of 140,000 hectares. It is planted mostly in Australia, Italy, France and America. Its popularity has caused a repercussion from some wine lovers, who do not like any wine but Chardonnay. This causes the monopoly of Chardonnay in the wine market.
Like any other imperial wine grape categories, Cabernet Sauvignon is also of the Vitis vinifera species. According to the genetic science, it is the resultant effect of a cross between Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc.
This particular grape is used in almost every Bordeaux wines. Numerous red wines are compiled with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes, such as Red Bordeaux which is considered as world greatest red wine.
Cabernet Sauvignon acquired the top place in America's popular red wines chart in early-60s. It snatched the first place from "burgundy" and till now it is the "numero uno" of American wine lover's list.
The Cabernet Sauvignon grape has thick skin which results high tannin in wine. This gives the wines structure and ageability. This property with frequent aroma and a lucrative finish also tends to lack mid-palate richness and it is often mingled with less tannin, but "pulpy" taste grapes; such as Merlot and Shiraz or Syrah which are found especially in Australia.
Cabernet Sauvignon deals with a wide range of aromas and flavours. This aims to the floral aspect when it not totally rips with capsicum, but when it rips - it biases to the flavour of blackcurrant. In California and Chilean cabernet, the flavours of mint or eucalyptus are found. It has a nice aroma. In the old wines it was characterised with black current, violets and spice smells. In the new world wines the flavours of chocolate, ripe jammy berries, oak are also found in addition to that old days flavours. Cabernet Sauvignon tastes lively in the mouth and is full of richness, but it is little bit acidic.
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Travel Part B