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Albinyana (Costa Dorada)
The municipality of Albinyana belongs to the district of Baix Penedes of the province of Tarragona. It covers a territorial extension of 19, 4 Km2. The town is 198 meters above sea level and is located in the northern part of la Serra Del Quadrella. The suburbs of �Les Peces�, �les Masies Del Torrent� and �Tomav� also belong to Albinyana.
There is evidence of prehistory in the town, such as the cave paintings found by archaeologists in �La cueva de Vallmajor�, �Sierra del Quadrell�. Also there are ruins from the roman era. The name Albinyana appeared for the first time in the year 1010, in the will of Adalbert, who left the castle to the monastery of �Sant Cugat Del Vall�s�. According to the Cartulary of Sant Cugat, Albinyana was founded in the year 1040, when Abbot Guitart gave the 'Carta de Poblaci�' (a population permit) to Bernat d�Oleguer, on condition that he would build a castle and populate the place. Abbot Guitart kept half the tax privileges and the right to designate the priest for the Castle�s church. From the �Reconquista� to the year 1835 the town was under the ruling of the �Abades� from the �Monastery of Sant Cugat del Valles�. The religious monument of the town is the �Parroquial Church of San Bartolome�, built in the XVIII century. On the Sierra del Quadrell there is the Chapel of San Antoni!
o where from one can stare at the magnificent views it has. From the Arab era there are only the ruins of a castle.
In this district the traditional asking menu is: �Xato� for starters, �Ajo quemado�, �pescado azul� for main course, and �bufats� for dessert.
As Albinyana is further inland, tourism in not the main power of income, so this leaves the agriculture in top ranking. The chief crops are the vineyards, cereals, hazelnuts, almonds and olive trees, although, nowadays, only around 30% of the territory is cultivated. The traditional industry in town was the making of baskets with �palmito� leaves, which lasted until half the 20th century, and also the back skins of animals, supplying the tanning industries in Igualada. Nowadays there is a flower plantation and a small textile factory, both located in suburb of Los Peces. In 1972, an animal reservation was created, which has been lately completed introducing animal species and with the opening of the water park 'Aquale�n', which nowadays brings more than a few tourists to the area.
ALBINYANA, FIESTAS AND TRADITIONS
On the 16th of July there is the festivity of �Mare de Deu del Carmen� and on the 24th of August �San Bartolome�. On Easter Monday there is a meeting at the shrine of Sant Antoni, with the saying of a mass, the eating of the 'Mona', a traditional Catalan pastry, games for the children and the famous Sardanes dancing of Catalonia.
ALBINYANA, PLACES TO VISIT
1. The Vall Major cave and its rupestrian paintings.
2. The Parish Church of Sant Bartomeu, from the 18th century.
3. The shrine of Sant Antoni de Padua, situated on top of la Serra del Quadrell.
4. According to Ruy Fern�ndez, the castle of Albinyana was built by the Arabs as a watchtower, but nowadays only the foundations and the base of the round tower remain.It is also interesting to visit the building called 'Cal Gener' and its wonderful graffitto, in the suburb of Les Peces.
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